Hair Loss

Dupilumab Not Consistently Effective for Patients with Both Atopic Dermatitis and Advanced Alopecia Areata — Donovan Hair Clinic

Dupilumab (Dupixent) Helped 25 % of Adults But No Children with Combined Atopic Dermatitis and Alopecia Totalis/Universalis

Dupilumab is a new medication that blocks that IL-4/IL-13 signaling pathway in the body. It is approved for the treatment of eczema (atopic dermatitis). studies have shown that Dupilumab can sometimes cause alopecia areata in some patients with eczema. In contrast, dupilumab can also help treat alopecia areata in some patients and get the hair growing back.

A number of studies have examined the benefits of using dupilumab in patients with atopic dermatitis who also have alopecia areata. We’ve review some of these before:

Dupilumab for Alopecia Areata in Adults

Dupilumab for Alopecia Areata in Chidlren

Dupilumab for Treating Advanced Alopecia Areata in Patients with Atopic Dermatitis

I would like to review with readers an important concept that does not get talked about enough and that is whether or not patients with atopic dermatitis and advanced forms of alopecia areata should consider using dupilumab.

My personal view is that dupilumab is probably not a great first line option for patients with alopecia totals and universals. Other options like Tofacitinib, methotrexate, are first line. Dupilumab however, may be a second or third line option but it’s probably not a first line option.

If we look at the two largest studies of dupilumab in patients with combined atopic dermatitis and alopecia areata we can see that patients with alopecia totals and universalists do not tend to respond well to these medications.

In the Mckenzie et al study which involved study of children with alopecia areata, none of the four patients with alopecia totalis and universalis experienced cosmetically significant hair growth with Dupilumab. 1 had some response but it was only slight growth.

In the Harada et al study which involved study of adults with alopecia areata, only 1 of 4 adults had cosmetically significant regrowth. This is a low proportion but given that alopecia totalis and universalis are challenging to treat this statistic of 25 % is still somewhat encouraging. In my mind, it puts dupilumab on the list as a second or third line option to consider but not as a first line option

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You can follow a few hair hygiene tips to make your hair less likely to fall out: Avoid hairstyles that pull on the hair - Avoid high-heat hair styling tools - Don't chemically treat or bleach your hair - Use a shampoo that's mild and suited for your hair - Use a soft brush made from natural fibers - Try low-level light therapy.

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