Contrary to popular
beliefs, hair loss isn’t just an adult problem. A good number of
children with hair loss worldwide have dealt with hair loss at some point in their
childhoods. Statistics show that children with hair loss are responsible
for over 3% of all pediatric visits to hospitals in the US — showing
hair loss related problems is not an uncommon event for children.
However, hair loss in kids
might stem from different reasons than that of adults. Hair loss is
quite different in kids, especially in its pattern. Asides from the
difference in diagnostics, kids don’t have the emotional maturity
to handle hair thinning or baldness like adults. It’s a traumatizing
experience for most adults, so you can imagine the psychological
effect hair loss may have on a child. This is why it’s significantly
harder for them to deal with it and precisely why seeing a doctor is
essential. To understand what hair loss in children entails, we will
discuss the hair loss causes and solutions. Let’s get right to it.
Medical causes of children with hair loss
Most times, scalp
infection cause hair loss in children, and here are a few of them:
Tinea capitis – children with hair loss:
Tinea capitis, also known as ringworm, is a contagious fungal
infection of the skin. This infection has a red, ring-shaped rash for
its appearance, and it can be itchy. However, scratching this
infection can further damage the scalp, thus causing hair to fall
out. Kids being kids, may even try to pull their hair due to the
intense itchy feeling.
Tinea capitis spreads
through the dissemination of personal items like combs or hats.
Asides from the hair loss patches with black dots signifying hair
loss, the child may develop fever or swollen glands. After diagnosis,
a dermatologist would prescribe an antifungal drug, shampoo, or
ointment for the scalp. Once the ringworm clears, the bald patches
should begin to fill up with hair.
Alopecia areata – children with hair loss:
This is a non-contagious autoimmune disease in which the individual’s
hair follicles are being attacked by the body’s immune system, thus
causing hair loss. About 1 in a thousand children have this type of
alopecia, leading to total baldness or hair thinning. Since hair loss
patterns vary for this disease, some children may lose their eyebrows
and lashes in addition to their hair, while others may not.
There are various subtypes
of this disease, and it is characterized by a sudden appearance of
oval patches of hair loss. Even though there is still no cure for
Alopecia areata, it can be managed with medication like
corticosteroid creams, lotion or ointments, minoxidil, anthralin. By
managing its symptoms, most children can witness a regrowth in a